Fresh embryo transfer refers to the process of transferring a newly created and recently fertilized embryo into the uterus of a woman as part of an assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF). The goal of this procedure is to establish a pregnancy. The timing of the transfer depends on the developmental stage of the embryo, but it typically takes place 2-5 days after fertilization.
Embryo transfer is a medical procedure used in assisted reproductive technology (ART) to transfer embryos from a laboratory dish to the uterus of a woman.
Here are thesteps involved in an embryo transfer:
- Preparing for the procedure: A woman may need to take medication to prepare the uterus for the transfer, such as hormonal treatments or antibiotics.
- Selecting the embryos: The doctor will choose the best embryos to transfer, based on their stage of development and quality.
- Transferring the embryos: The doctor will use a thin, flexible catheter to carefully insert the embryos into the uterus. The procedure is usually performed while the woman is lying down and relaxed.
- Resting after the transfer: After the procedure, the woman should rest for a few hours to allow the embryos to settle into the uterus.She will also be put on medications to support attachment of embryos.
- Follow-up: The woman will typically have a pregnancy test two weeks after the transfer to determine if it was successful.
It’s important to follow the instructions provided by the doctor and keep all follow-up appointments to ensure the best chance of a successful transfer.
Embryo transfer, like any medical procedure, can have potential complications.
Some of thepossible complications of embryo transferinclude:
- Ectopic pregnancy: This occurs when the embryos implant outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes.
- Multiple pregnancy: Transferring multiple embryos increases the risk of having a multiple pregnancy, which can lead to complications such as premature birth and low birth weight.
- Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS): This is a condition that occurs when the ovaries become swollen and painful due to the hormonal treatments used to prepare the uterus for the transfer.
- Infection: There is a small risk of infection at the site of the embryo transfer, which can be treated with antibiotics.
- Bleeding or cramping: Some women may experience mild bleeding or cramping after the transfer, which is usually normal and resolves on its own.
- Embryo implantation failure: Unfortunately, sometimes the transferred embryos do not implant in the uterus and the transfer is unsuccessful.
It’s important to discuss any potential risks and complications with your doctor prior to the procedure and to follow all instructions for post-transfer care to minimize the risk of complications.